Using both electric and internal combustion (IC) trucks have different disadvantages and advantages.
Electric engines cost less to maintain during their life span because they require a lot less maintenance. The battery must last at least five years if the guidelines of the manufacturer for charging and maintenance are followed. Overnight charging expenses are normally low. Electric trucks tend to be compact units and highly maneuverable, especially the models with three wheels. Drive, lift, tilt, acceleration and auxiliary speeds are adjustable and could be changed depending on the preferences of the driver and the use. Electric trucks are quiet, and are easier on the environment.
Not suitable to be used during wet conditions are electric trucks. Because of the need for battery recharging, they cannot be constantly used. They are not suited to rough terrain. The energy consumption is high on continuous high lifts and ramp work.
IC engine diesel/LPG has the advantage of being best for continuous outdoor use and uneven surfaces. With no need for battery charging, the forklift can be utilized throughout the evening and overnight. Transport and supply of fuel must be factored into expenses. Initial costs are less than for an electric truck, but long term expenses related to fuel and maintenance are higher. IC engines have larger capacities than electric, but less adaptability. LPG can be utilized in several indoor applications. IC Engine diesel/LPG makes more noise and higher emissions than electric. LPG has lower emissions compared to diesel.