There are 7 different classes of lift trucks as determined by the Industrial Truck Association or ITA. These classifications are divided into the kind of work environment; indoors, outdoors, rough or smooth surfaces and narrow aisle; by the type of engine; whether the operator is sitting down or standing; and finally the characteristics of the equipment, regarding the maximum grade and type of tire. Some of the classes are further sub-divided by operating characteristics. Below are the following lift truck classifications:
Category 1 Forklifts: are considered to be electric motor trucks with air filled or pneumatic tires or cushion tires. The Class 1 forklifts also include 4 lift codes, or subcategories which are:
Lift Code 1: Stand-up, counterbalanced rider unit.
Lift Code 4: 3-Wheel electric sit-down types.
Lift Code 5: Counterbalanced rider, cushion tire sit down tires.
Lift Code 6: Includes pneumatic tire models, sit-down rider, and counterbalanced rider.
Category 2 Forklifts: Class 2 lift trucks narrow aisle trucks with electric motors and solid tires.
Category 3 Forklifts: Class 3 lift trucks include electric hand trucks and hand/rider trucks with solid tires.
Category 4 Forklifts: The IC or internal combustion models make up Class 4 forklifts. These are sit down rider forklifts with cushion tires. Normally, they are suitable for use on hard surfaces and indoor use.
Class 5 Forklifts: Class 5 is IC Engine sit down rider forklifts equipped with pneumatic tires. Typically, these models are great for working on rough surfaces outside or on areas with significant inclines.
Class 6 Forklifts: Class 6 lift trucks would consist of internal combustion powered or electric models. These ride-on models could tow at least 1000 lbs. This class is engineered and designed to tow loads as opposed to lift it.
Category 7 Forklifts: Class 7 just included rough terrain units with pneumatic tires. The Class 7 forklifts are powered by diesel engines and are almost exclusively used outside.
The various categories of lift trucks help to keep them separated and organized. Different kinds of working environments depend on different classes in order to get their work done. Forklifts are quite particular in their loading and lifting capacities. Their various types of tires and engines are made for particular applications. To be able to pick the right forklift to fulfill your tasks and to suit your requirements, do some research to know exactly what you would need from your particular model. By speaking to some respectable dealers and taking time to investigate all your alternatives, you can select the appropriate machinery.